Scope and Contents
The collection consists of material dating from between 1964 and 1993. The correspondence consists of seven letters, all from 1974, but only three written by Sexton. Series II consists of 41 poems on onion-skin typescript carbons, 12 of which are unpublished. Most of the 29 published poems appear in 45 Mercy Street (1976), and the remainder are published in Complete Poems (1981) or Last Poems (1981). These 41 poems were all written in the last nine months of Sexton’s life, during which time Barbara Schwartz was her therapist. One of the poems ("The Execution") was dictated by Sexton to Schwartz over the phone after a nearly successful suicide attempt. Most of the poems have few edits or changes. Series III contains miscellaneous materials including Sexton’s debut performance as a reporter, covering the July 1974 concert by Ella Fitzgerald. Series IV is a sampling of her poems published in periodicals, while Series V and VI consist of published material by other authors relating to Anne Sexton, the bulk of which were published after her death. Series VII consists of audio cassette tapes of poetry readings.
- Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
Open for research without restrictions.
Conditions Governing Use
For permission to publish materials, contact: Special Collections & Archives Middlebury College Phone: (802) 443-2387 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biographical / Historical
Anne Sexton (Anne Gray Harvey) was born in Newton, Massachusetts, on November 9, 1928. She went to Roger’s Hall boarding school in Lowell, Massachusetts, in 1945, and then attended Garland Junior College for one year before marrying Alfred Muller Sexton II at age nineteen. Sexton worked as a model for Hart Agency in Boston for a short time. Her first daughter, Linda Gray Sexton, was born in 1953.
In 1954, Sexton was diagnosed with clinical depression. After her second daughter, Joyce Ladd Sexton, was born in 1955, Anne suffered a nervous breakdown. She was hospitalized, her children were sent to live with her husband’s parents, and she attempted to commit suicide on her birthday. During this tumultuous period in her life, Dr. Martin Orne became Sexton’s psychiatrist. Orne convinced her to take up poetry, an interest she had stumbled upon but not seriously cultivated while in school.
During her first poetry class, at the Boston Center for Adult Education in the fall of 1957, Sexton became friends with the poet Maxine Kumin, who would remain her friend, literary partner and editor. In 1957, she met W.D. Snodgrass at the Antioch Writers’ Conference, who became her mentor. She developed a style of confessional poetry like that of Sylvia Plath, Snodgrass, and Robert Lowell, and centered on such themes as the experiences of being a woman, addiction and drug use, sexuality, and suicidal impulses.
Sexton published her first book of poetry, “To Bedlam and Part Way Back”, (1960), only three years after writing her first verse. She won the Pulitzer Prize in 1967 with her book, “Live or Die”, (1966). Anne and Alfred Sexton’s marriage collapsed in 1973. On October 4, 1974, after having lunch with Kumin regarding editing her new book, “The Awful Rowing Towards God” , Anne Sexton committed suicide by carbon monoxide poisoning.
Language of Materials
The Anne Sexton collection was compiled by Sexton’s therapist during the last nine months of her life. The collection offers a glimpse into the mind of the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, a mind tormented by suicidal thoughts, depression and bipolar disorder. Onionskin carbon copies of her published and unpublished poetry from 1974 reveal both the depths of her despair and the eloquence with which she expressed it – before she finally ended her life on October 4, 1974. Also included in the collection are published materials from both before and after Sexton’s death, letters, and audiotapes of Sexton’s poetry.
The collection is arranged into seven series: I. Correspondence; II. Poems; III. Miscellaneous; IV. Periodical appearances; V. Clippings; and VI. Audio recordings.
1 Hollinger document box in B18.104.22.168; 2 boxes: 1 flat oversize and 1 cassette box in RBMS Flat Oversize, Shelf 44
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The Anne Sexton collection compiled by Sexton’s therapist, Barbara Schwartz, during the last nine months of her life. They were sold by George Robert Minkoff, Inc., Rare Books, of 26 Rowe Road, Alford, MA 01230, to Robert Buckeye, Special Collections Curator of Middlebury College, on December 31, 1993.
Finding Aid Compiled, August 2012, by Peter Andersen ‘13.
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